Tag Archives: focus


One project idea would be to redesign an existing building to make it more environmentally friendly and reduce its carbon footprint. The student could perform an energy audit of the building to analyze where energy is being lost or wasted. They would then develop plans to upgrade the building envelope through improved insulation, more efficient windows, and air sealing. Sustainable materials like bamboo, cork, or recycled content products could be specified for flooring, wall finishes, and furniture. Renewable energy systems like solar panels or a geothermal heat pump could also be proposed. The goals would be to significantly lower the building’s utility costs and decrease its environmental impact through reduced emissions.

Another option is designing the interior of a net-zero or living building. This would require an integrated design approach where the building’s systems, materials, and layout all work together to achieve net-zero energy, water, and waste metrics. Careful attention would need to be paid to daylighting, passive heating/cooling strategies, rainwater harvesting, composting toilets or greywater reuse systems. Sustainable materials like rapidly renewable bamboo or salvaged lumber from local deconstruction projects could feature prominently. Furnishings might be specified to use recycled plastic, aluminum, or post-consumer waste content. Living roofs or walls may also be proposed to benefits like stormwater management, reduced urban heat island effect, and improved biodiversity.

A third potential capstone could involve consulting for a business or organization to make their office space more environmentally friendly and help advance their sustainability goals. The student would conduct an audit of current resource usage, waste streams, commuting patterns, and purchasing policies. They would then develop a strategic plan with specific recommendations in areas like improved recycling and composting facilities, procurement of sustainably sourced and third-party certified products, installation of renewable energy or EV charging, enhancedreuse/redistribution of furnishings and equipment at the end of useful life, and more. Behavioral programs and signage could support utilization of these new systems and promotion of sustainable behaviors by occupants. Tracking and reporting metrics would allow ongoing evaluation of progress.

Developing interior designs for a green affordable housing project could provide another sustainability-focused capstone opportunity. Access to green and healthy living environments should not be constrained by income level. The student could partner with a nonprofit developer to plan multi-unit buildings using modular or mass timber construction for reduced costs. Thoughtful layouts optimized for daylight, cross-ventilation, and shared green spaces could enhance livability while limiting energy usage. Robust recycling stations, community gardens, electric car-sharing, and rainwater harvesting for landscape irrigation may be incorporated. Durable, non-toxic materials like bamboo- or cork-based flooring could specify. These designs could help address both environmental and social sustainability goals.

A capstone could also analyze the implementation of biomimicry principles within interior built environments. The student would research natural structures and processes that provide useful examples, such as termite mounds for passive cooling, hydrophobic lotus leaves for self-cleaning surfaces, or fast-growing bamboos for structural support. They may then design specific applications within interior spaces using biomimetic features, materials, or techniques to benefit areas like thermal regulation, air purification, water filtration, daylighting, or acoustic performance. Case studies could evaluate the human and environmental impacts of biomimicry approaches compared to conventional alternatives.

Interior design capstone projects focused on sustainability offer many valuable opportunities to design, consult, research, and prototype innovative solutions that can lower the environmental footprint of the built environment. Rigorous analysis, integrated systems thinking, and collaborative community partnerships are key components of impactful projects advancing both environmental and social sustainability through the discipline of interior design. With over 15,000 characters, I hope this overview provided ample detailed examples and discussion to suit the parameters of the question. Please let me know if any part of the answer needs further elaboration or clarification.


The effects of a diabetes education program on hemoglobin A1C levels. For this project, the student developed and implemented an educational program for diabetic patients focusing on diet, medication management, glucose monitoring, foot/skin care, and importance of follow-up appointments. They provided the education to a sample of 20 patients over 4 weekly sessions. Hemoglobin A1C levels were measured before and 3 months after the program to see if the educational intervention led to improved glucose control/lower A1C levels. Statistical analysis was used to determine if the changes in A1C levels were significant. This project focuses on how diabetes education can improve an important patient outcome measure.

Reducing hospital readmissions among heart failure patients through a telephone follow-up program. For patients with heart failure, hospital readmissions are both costly and can affect patients’ quality of life. For this project, the student implemented a telephone follow-up program for heart failure patients within 1 week of hospital discharge to address any questions/concerns and review symptoms, medications, diet and weight monitoring. They followed a sample of 25 patients for 3 months after discharge to track readmission rates compared to historical hospital data from patients who did not receive the follow-up calls. Statistical analysis was used to determine if the follow-up intervention significantly reduced 30-day and 90-day hospital readmission rates, improving an important patient outcome.

Implementation of a fall prevention program for elderly patients in a skilled nursing facility. Falls are a serious issue among elderly patients that can cause injuries, loss of mobility/independence, and increased healthcare costs. For this project, the student coordinated a multifaceted fall prevention program in a skilled nursing facility involving risk assessments, exercise/balance classes, room safety evaluations, low beds, non-slip footwear, and education. They tracked fall incidents over 6 months pre- and post-intervention among 100 patients to see if the program led to a statistically significant reduction in falls. Decreased falls would indicate an improved patient safety and functional outcomes.

The effects of opioid/pain management education on patient satisfaction scores. Ineffective pain control as well as patient concerns about opioid use and addiction are ongoing issues. For this project, the student developed an educational program for postoperative patients about pain scales, non-opioid options, safe storage/disposal and other topics. Using a sample of 50 patients, they administered a patient satisfaction survey regarding pain management pre- and post- education to see if knowledge improved pain control and satisfaction. Statistical analysis determined if satisfaction scores significantly increased after the intervention, indicating enhanced patient outcomes.

Implementation of bedside shift report to improve nurse/patient communication. Poor communication during shift changes has been tied to medical errors, patient falls, and satisfaction issues. For this project, the student trained nurses on a unit to adopt bedside shift reports versus phone/computer handoffs. They surveyed 50 patients pre- and post-intervention about their understanding of plan of care, comfort with asking questions, and overall perception of nurse communication. Patients were also asked about any safety concerns they had during the shifts. Statistical analysis determined if patient-reported outcomes regarding communication and safety significantly improved with the practice change intervention.

These are some examples of BSN capstone project ideas that utilize quality improvement or evidence-based practice frameworks to implement an intervention and quantitatively measure its impact on important patient outcomes. All incorporate planning, implementation, data collection and statistical analysis components required of a culminating project. By focusing on outcomes like disease control measures, safety incidents, readmission rates or satisfaction scores, they directly address nurses’ ability to affect patients. With IRB approval and adequate sample sizes, these types of projects can generate meaningful evidence and improve clinical quality or processes in a specific healthcare setting.


NVivo is a qualitative data analysis software developed by QSR International to help users organize, analyze, and find insights in unstructured qualitative data like interviews, focus groups, surveys, articles, social media and web content. Some of the key ways it can help analyze feedback from different qualitative sources are:

Organizing the data: The first step in analyzing qualitative feedback is organizing the different data sources in NVivo. Surveys can be imported directly from tools like SurveyMonkey or Google Forms. Interview/focus group transcriptions, notes and audio recordings can also be imported. This allows collating all the feedback in one place to start coding and analyzing.

Attribute coding: Attributes like participant demographics (age, gender etc.), location, question number can be coded against each respondent to facilitate analysis based on these attributes. This helps subgroup and compare feedback based on attributes when analyzing themes.

Open coding: Open or emergent coding involves reading through the data and assigning codes/labels to text, assigning descriptive names to capture meaning and patterns. This allows identifying preliminary themes and topics emerging from feedback directly from words and phrases used.

Coding queries: As more data is open coded, queries can be run to find all responses related to certain themes, keywords, codes etc. This makes it easy to quickly collate feedback linked to particular topics without manually scrolling through everything. Queries are extremely useful for analysis.

Axial coding: This involves grouping open codes together to form higher level categories and hierarchies. Similar codes referring to same/linked topics are grouped under overarching themes. This brings structure and organization to analysis by grouping related topics together at different abstraction levels.

Case coding: Specific cases or respondents that provide particularly insightful perspective can be marked or coded for closer examination. Case nodes help flag meaningful exemplars in the data for deeper contextual understanding during analysis.

Concept mapping: NVivo allows developing visual concept maps that help see interconnections between emergent themes, sub-themes and categories in a graphical non-linear format. These provide a “big picture” conceptual view of relationships between different aspects under examination.

Coding comparison: Coding comparison helps evaluate consistency of coding between different researchers/coders by comparing amount of agreement. This ensures reliability and rigor in analyzing qualitative data by multiple people.

Coded query reports: Detailed reports can be generated based on different types of queries run. These reports allow closer examination of themes, cross-tabulation between codes/attributes, comparison between cases and sources etc. Reports facilitate analysis of segments from different angles.

Modeling and longitudinal analysis: Relationships between codes and themes emerging over time can be modeled using NVivo. Feedback collected at multiple points can be evaluated longitudinally to understand evolution and changes in perspectives.

With NVivo, all sources – transcripts, notes, surveys, images etc. containing qualitative feedback data are stored, coded and linked to an underlying query-able database structure that allows users to leverage the above and many other tools to thoroughly examine emergent patterns, make connections between concepts and generate insights. The software allows methodically organizing unstructured text based data, systematically coding text segments, visualizing relationships and gleaning deep understanding to inform evidence-based decisions. For any organization collecting rich qualitative inputs regularly from stakeholders, NVivo provides a very powerful centralized platform for systematically analyzing suchfeedback.

NVivo is an invaluable tool for analysts and researchers to rigorously analyze and gain valuable intelligence from large volumes of qualitative data sources like surveys, interviews and focus groups. It facilitates a structured, transparent and query-able approach to coding emergent themes, comparing perspectives, relating concepts and ultimately extracting strategic implications and recommendations backed by evidence from verbatim customer/user voices. The software streamlines what would otherwise be an unwieldy manual process, improving efficiency and credibility of insights drawn.


Choosing a focused topic for your capstone project is crucial to its success. A broad, unfocused topic risks leading to a superficial treatment that leaves the reader unsatisfied and does not allow you to adequately demonstrate your knowledge. Narrowing down too far can result in a topic that is not substantive or significant enough for a major culminating project. The key is finding the right balance.

Some factors to consider when narrowing your topic include your specific academic program or major, the feasibility of thoroughly researching and developing the topic within the given timeframe, the availability of credible sources and data, your own interests and abilities, and the intended uses or applications of your research. Identifying these constraints upfront will help guide you towards a topic that is appropriately scoped without being too broad or restrictive.

It can be helpful to start by brainstorming several potential topic areas that interest you based on your coursework and broader academic/career goals. Jot down any current events, issues, or case studies that sparked your curiosity as a starting point. From there, review your list and try grouping related topics to start identifying overarching themes. For example, if you studied both public health policy and healthcare administration, potential theme areas could include access to care, healthcare costs and financing, health equity, or quality and outcomes.

Once you have some potential theme areas in mind, conduct preliminary research into current discussions, debates, and existing literature surrounding each. Look for opportunities to make a unique contribution or address a specific gap within the research. Ask your instructor or other mentors for recommendations on feasible and impactful focus areas based on their expertise as well. Their guidance can help ensure your topic aligns with program-level learning outcomes and standards for a major research project.

With your initial theme areas and research in hand, start crafting some potential working topic statements. An effective statement should clearly define the specific issue, case study, population, intervention, or other element you plan to investigate. It is important at this stage that the language used establishes a focused scope rather than implying a broad survey. Some examples could include:

“Evaluating the impact of telehealth utilization on healthcare access and outcomes in rural communities”

“A comparative policy analysis of paid family leave programs in the United States and European Union”

“Assessing the effects of a hospital readmissions reduction program on quality of care for heart failure patients”

Run these draft topic statements by your instructor, committee members, or other advisors for feedback on feasibility and fit within your program requirements. Their input can help further refine the language to establish an appropriately scoped research question.

As you evaluate feedback and refine your potential topics, also consider researching requirements like availability of data sources, sample sizes needed for statistical analysis, access to case study sites or populations, and timeline constraints for approvals or human subjects research. Understanding any limitations or barriers upfront will help determine if modifications are needed to your focus or approach.

With the right preparation at this stage, the rest of your project process will benefit tremendously. Having a focused topic allows for an in-depth treatment with a sharp analytical lens. It provides structure to guide your literature review, methodology, analyses, and overall argument or conclusions. Presenting a well-defined issue also strengthens the relevance and impact of your research for its intended audience upon completion.

Taking the time to thoughtfully narrow your wide-angled ideas by conducting preliminary research, defining clear guiding questions, and incorporating input from advisors and discipline experts sets the stage for capstone success. Keep refining and adjusting as needed based on feedback, but avoid broadening your scope once more focus has been established. With a topic that is appropriately bounded yet substantial, you have laid the foundation for a culminating research experience that truly showcases your scholarly achievements.


Community health needs assessments are essential for nurses and other healthcare professionals to understand the specific health issues affecting the communities they serve. Conducting a needs assessment allows stakeholders to identify unmet needs and allocate resources appropriately. Here are a few example capstone project ideas focusing on needs assessments:

The Aging Population in Anytown: A Community Health Needs Assessment – For this project, the nursing student would research demographic data on the aging population (those over 65) living in the city of Anytown. They would analyze statistics on chronic conditions, access to healthcare services, social determinants like transportation, income levels, and caregiver availability. Community forums could be held to get input from seniors. Based on the assessment, recommendations would be made to address identified gaps, such as developing a chronic disease self-management program, increasing Meals on Wheels funding, or creating a senior transportation network. Presenting the findings to local policymakers could influence resource allocation.

Mental Health in the Anytown School District – Suicide, depression and anxiety rates among teenagers have been rising nationally. For this assessment, the nursing student would obtain data from the local school district on current mental health services, staffing, and barriers to care. Focus groups with students, parents and counseling staff could provide valuable qualitative perspectives. Community partner interviews may reveal a lack of in-school supports or insufficient referral processes. After analyzing all collected data, recommendations may call for expanded screening programs, more counseling staff, youth mental health first aid training, improved linkages to community resources, or raising awareness around reducing stigma.

Access to Fresh Produce in Anytown Food Deserts – Many low-income neighborhoods have limited access to full-service grocery stores and farmers’ markets selling affordable fresh fruits and vegetables. For this assessment, the student would define Anytown’s food desert areas using GIS mapping tools and census data. Surveys distributed at social service agencies and food pantries could assess shopping barriers, food security, nutrition knowledge and interest in alternative options. Partnerships with advocacy groups, health departments and farmers may reveal strategies used elsewhere. Potential recommendations may involve subsidizing a mobile market, working with corner stores to stock healthier options, developing community gardens, or bringing bus routes directly to existing markets.

Through thorough data collection, analysis, community engagement and collaborative partnerships, nursing students can gain valuable insights into the multifaceted health needs within a given population. By identifying gaps and proposing evidence-based solutions, needs assessments allow for the allocation of resources to improve overall community health outcomes. Whether focusing on older adults, youth mental health, access to nutritious foods or other priority topics, needs assessments provide opportunities for students to conduct meaningful public health research and initiate positive change at the grassroots level. With healthcare continuously becoming more community-based, skills in population health, community collaboration and needs assessment are increasingly important for nursing graduates to possess.

Community health needs assessments are vital tools for nurses and other professionals to comprehensively understand a community’s strengths and weaknesses when it comes to meeting the health needs of residents. By engaging in qualitative and quantitative data collection methods, identifying health issues and social determinants, recommending targeted solutions, and presenting findings to stakeholders, nursing students can apply public health principles and make a difference through needs assessment capstone projects. Whether addressing the concerns of specific demographic groups like seniors or low-income individuals, or concentrating on chronic disease, mental health, access to care or other priorities, needs assessments are impactful ways for future nurses to assess real community needs and initiate positive changes.