Tag Archives: traditional


While electric vehicles (EVs) were once thought of as slower and with less power than gas-powered internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles, modern EVs can often match or even surpass the performance of gas cars. This is due to the way electric motors deliver torque. With an electric motor, maximum torque is available from a stop, whereas with an ICE vehicle torque ramps up as the engine spins up. As a result, EVs tend to have stronger acceleration from a standing start. Some high-performance EVs like the Tesla Model S Plaid can accelerate from 0-60 mph in under 2 seconds, faster than almost all gas sports cars.

EVs also tend to have a lower center of gravity than gas cars thanks to the heavy battery packs being located low down in the floor of the vehicle. This provides better handling, balance, and stability when cornering. Some studies have even found EVs able to out-corner gas cars on winding roads due to this low center of gravity and instant torque response from electric motors. While you may sacrifice some cargo or rear seat space to the battery, most EVs still provide comparable interior room to similar gas vehicle models. Driving range for EVs has also increased dramatically in recent years. Top EV models now offer over 300 miles of range on a single charge.

There are some key differences in the driving experience compared to gas cars. One downside is that EVs have more weight from their batteries which can impact things like braking ability and tires may wear out more quickly with the extra pounds. Regenerative braking – which converts some of the energy lost during braking into charging the battery – helps offset this, but hard stops still take more distance in an EV. Without engine sounds, EVs are much quieter, which some drivers may perceive as less engaging or exhilarating, though others see it as a more serene driving experience.

Charging times can also be longer than refilling a gas tank. While most EVs can fast charge up to 80% in 30-45 minutes on newer high-powered networks, it still takes much less time to stop for gas during long road trips. Charging an EV overnight at home is very convenient. And total ownership costs tend to be lower for EVs due to fewer scheduled maintenance needs and very low fuel/electricity costs of around $1 to fully “refill” the battery. Gas prices fluctuate far more wildly. Some governments even offer tax credits and incentives to make EVs more affordable compared to comparable gas models.

In terms of driving dynamics behind the wheel, EV motors provide strong but smooth and linear acceleration. With quick and precise acceleration control at your fingertips, driving an EV can feel lively yet composed. There is no engine noise, so internal cabin silence reigns. Some higher-end EVs even allow for some cool customization of artificial engine sounds if desired via speakers. Sportier models like the Tesla Model 3 Performance or Porsche Taycan Turbo S bring racecar levels of instant throttle response. In contrast, driving a gas performance vehicle requires working with the engine rpm and gear shifts for the most engaging drives. While EVs may need some getting used to for drivers attached to certain aspects of internal combustion, modern electric drivetrains are highly capable and provide their own unique advantages and pleasures behind the wheel. As charging infrastructure expands and battery technology continues advancing, EVs will only continue closing the gap with gasoline counterparts.

Electric vehicles have made tremendous strides in both performance and driving experience to match and even exceed gas-powered cars in many key areas. With instant torque, precise acceleration control, lower centers of gravity for better handling, and high power outputs from leading models, EVs can absolutely satisfy driving enthusiasts. Their operation is simply differen but not necessarily inferior to traditional ICE vehicles. Over time, more convenient charging networks and longer driving ranges will make EVs viable options for most drivers, especially as their total cost of ownership makes increasingly good financial sense as well. As both technologies continue developing, drivers will continue gaining even more choices in finding satisfying vehicles suited to their unique needs and preferences.


Traditional media channels such as newspapers, television, radio, and print magazines have faced significant disruption and challenges with the emergence and rise of digital media platforms. Some of the major challenges include:

Declining Advertising Revenue: Advertising has traditionally been the primary source of revenue for most traditional media outlets. With more people accessing news and consuming content online, advertising dollars have steadily shifted towards digital platforms. Giants like Google and Facebook now dominate the online advertising market, capturing over 50% of all new digital ad spending. This has led to steep declines in advertising revenue for newspapers, television channels, and other traditional outlets.

For example, newspaper advertising revenue in the US peaked at $49 billion in 2000 but fell to just $16 billion in 2017. Print magazines have seen even sharper drops, losing around 50% of their revenue to digital competitors over the past decade. This loss of ad money has put severe financial pressure on traditional media business models.

Shift in Consumer Habits: Younger audiences now practically live online, relying on various digital platforms for consuming content, news and staying connected. Traditionally, people would watch scheduled television programs, listen to the radio during commute, or read newspapers daily. Digital media has allowed on-demand access to content anywhere, anytime via mobile devices.

This has changed fundamental consumer habits and eroded the importance of traditional fixed schedules and formats. TV viewership of younger demographics is declining while time spent on various online streaming services is rising exponentially. Print newspaper circulation figures have fallen drastically almost everywhere as people get their news online.

Challenges of Platform Disruption: Digital technologies have enabled entirely new kinds of media platforms like social networks, online video sites, blogs, messaging apps etc. that were never imagined before. Some of these like Facebook and YouTube have become massively popular, disrupting traditional media business models.

Traditional players have found it difficult to establish a strong presence on these new digital platforms or to leverage emerging technologies for content distribution and monetization. It is also challenging for them to replicate their fixed costs across different online formats and platforms. This platform disruption combined with the migration of audiences online, has eroded the competitive advantages of scale previously enjoyed by traditional media organizations.

Rising Content Costs: To survive in the digital age, traditional outlets have invested heavily in building sophisticated digital products, developing new skills like data analytics and improving their websites and apps. This has meant higher infrastructure and operational costs at a time when advertising revenues are declining sharply.

Producing high-quality on-demand digital video and audio content requires huge investments that were not needed earlier for linear broadcast. Traditional media companies also have to pay substantial fees to the dominant online platforms to access audiences and run advertising campaigns. All these factors have increased fixed operating costs exponentially for them.

Loss of Trust and Relevance: Many newer digital platforms are perceived as more democratic, participatory and transparent compared to the traditional gatekeeping model of mainstream media. The ability to rapidly share and spread news online has given rise to challenges around fake news, propaganda and deliberate misinformation.

This has shaken long-held perceptions of credibility, independence and trust associated with established newspapers, TV channels and magazines. Younger audiences, in particular, are turning more to social media and alternative online sources. Remaining relevant to changing audience interests and lifestyles online while maintaining high editorial standards is a constant struggle for traditional media companies.

Traditional media channels are facing an unprecedented challenge in the form of digital disruption. The migration of audiences online combined with the loss of advertising revenues to new platforms, changing consumer habits, higher operating costs, difficulties in leveraging emerging technologies and struggles around relevance and trust – have all significantly impacted the business models of newspapers, radio, television and magazines. Adapting to this digital transformation with innovative strategies remains a crucial challenge that these incumbents must overcome to survive and stay relevant in the future.


The cost of renewable energy technologies has decreased significantly in recent years and is becoming increasingly competitive with conventional fossil fuel sources in many applications and markets. There are still some aspects where fossil fuels have a cost advantage today or in the near future depending on location and use. A detailed comparison is complex as costs can vary widely depending on specific project details, regional factors and assumptions about technology advancement.

Renewable energy costs have declined dramatically due to technological improvements, manufacturing scale-ups, and research/development investments over the past decade or more. For example, the cost of utility-scale solar photovoltaic (PV) modules alone has decreased over 80% since 2008. This massive cost reduction has been driven by market expansion as well as innovations that improved conversion efficiencies, manufacturing processes, and supply chain efficiencies. As a result, the total costs of renewable electricity for many applications are becoming competitive with new natural gas generation and new onshore wind energy is already comparable or lower than new coal or gas plants in many locations.

Despite the renewable cost declines, their costs are still higher than more mature fossil fuel technologies in some applications. Existing coal and natural gas plants have already been built and depreciated a large portion of their upfront capital costs, so their operating costs are often lower than building new renewable capacity in those markets. The fuel costs associated with fossil generation are significant long-term operating expenses and can fluctuate based on commodity prices. In contrast, renewable energy generates electricity at near-zero marginal fuel costs once facilities are constructed since they use fuels like sunlight and wind that are free. So over the lifetime of projects, renewable energy may achieve lower long-run total costs even if upfront capital costs are higher.

When integrating energy storage like lithium-ion batteries, renewable energy total costs are still typically higher than natural gas ‘peaker’ plants for applications requiring extremely flexible power sources that can rapidly ramp up and down. Energy storage technology costs are also declining quickly and lithium-ion battery pack prices have declined over 80% in the last decade. With these improving economics and continued scaling of manufacturing and deployment, renewable plus storage solutions are becoming competitive for more applications each year. Total lifetime costs including battery replacement over the system lifetime will require careful analysis versus alternatives.

In addition to direct energy costs, the external costs of pollution, greenhouse gas emissions, and long-term environmental damages should be considered in a full cost comparison but are difficult to monetize and are not always included in standard electricity market pricing today. Burning fossil fuels emits air pollutants like particulate matter, nitrogen oxides, and sulfur dioxide that are linked to public health damages from respiratory and cardiovascular illnesses costing hundreds of billions annually according to some studies. Environmental compliance and emission reduction costs for fossil plants may also increase significantly in the future with further regulation. Renewable energy systems produce little to no emissions during operations so have lower long-term external costs that are harder to quantify upfront but are real economic factors over the lifetimes of power projects.

Considering all these factors and taking a long-term, full societal cost perspective, renewable energy is expected to achieve total cost parity with most fossil fuel technologies in a growing number of geographic markets and applications over the next 5-10 years. Most current energy market studies and analysts project that utility-scale solar PV and onshore wind will be cost competitive with new natural gas generation in all or almost all markets under average conditions by the mid-to-late 2020s if not before. Offshore wind and solar thermal (concentrating solar power) are expected to achieve cost parity with natural gas in more limited applications later this decade or beyond, and new advanced nuclear faces significant remaining cost uncertainties. Renewable energy costs are rapidly declining worldwide and will continue to penetrate new markets as they achieve direct economic competitiveness with traditional thermal generation options over the coming years across much of the world.