Tag Archives: considerations


One of the most important things for students to consider when developing a grant proposal is clearly articulating the need or problem their project aims to address. Grantors want to fund projects that will make a meaningful impact, so students need to take time to research and clearly state the issue or opportunity their project is targeting. They should provide relevant data and facts to back up why this need exists and how their proposed project will help address it. Simply identifying the need is not enough – students also need to explain why existing solutions are inadequate and how their project presents a creative or innovative approach to solving the problem or seizing the opportunity.

When explaining their proposed project itself, students should provide specific, well-thought out details about what they plan to do, how they will do it, and what outcomes they expect to achieve. Vague, ambiguous project descriptions are a red flag for grantors. Students need to have a clear vision and methodology planned. They should explain each stage and activity of the project in their proposal narrative as well as provide a detailed timeline and breakdown of projected costs. Including visual aids like charts, diagrams or tables can help strengthen explanations. Students also need to consider factors like feasibility, sustainability, risks and challenges to demonstrate they have thoroughly planned their project rather than just having a vague idea.

Key stakeholders and community support are another critical component for students to address. Grantors want to know a project has buy-in from those affected. Students should identify who the key stakeholders are – both individuals and organizations – and provide letters of support showing these stakeholders endorse and will support or partner on the proposed project. Explaining how the project aligns with or advances the strategic goals and priorities of these stakeholders provides further credibility. Students also need to identify what permissions or approvals may be required to successfully complete the project and explain their plan and timeline for securing these.

When developing their budget, students need to provide a detailed line item breakdown with clear explanations and cost estimates for all projected expenses. They should group costs into logical categories like personnel, materials, facilities, equipment, travel etc. All budget items need to directly relate back to planned project activities. Grantors will scrutinize budgets to ensure costs are reasonable and necessary. Including budget notes to explain cost assumptions helps build confidence. Strong budget justification will also consider factors like in-kind or matching support that demonstrates broader investment in the project other than just the grant funds requested.

The proposal should clearly state the intended outcomes of the project and how they will be measured. Students need specific, quantifiable performance metrics and an evaluation plan for how they will collect and report data to demonstrate progress and impact. Simply stating the project will lead to positive change is not enough. Outcomes should be tied to addressing the identified need. Students also need to consider sustainability – how the project’s benefits will continue after the grant period ends. A sustainability plan helps assure impact beyond the initial funding timeframe. The proposal should leave the grantor feeling confident the project is worth funding and assure deliverables and outcomes can be successfully achieved and measured.

The grant proposal is also a chance for students to highlight and sell their own capabilities and experience. While this should be focused on demonstrating how they specifically are qualified to successfully complete the project, students should avoid coming across as self-promotional. They need to position themselves as leaders who can effectively manage the project while also collaborating with partners and stakeholders. Résumés, bios, references or letters of recommendation can help in this aspect while staying within a reasonable scope for a capstone project proposal. Ensuring the proposal conforms to all formatting guidelines of the specific granting program is also a baseline prerequisite. Following instructions helps demonstrate attention to detail.

Students should take time to thoroughly plan their capstone project idea before beginning to draft the proposal. A compelling need supported by research, well-defined objectives and activities, a realistic budget, clear outcomes and an evaluation plan are all crucial components. Demonstrating feasibility, community engagement and thesubmitter’s own qualifications to successfully implement the project are also important factors grantors consider. With diligent preparation and a proposal that addresses all these key areas with specific, compelling details, students can maximize their chances of securing important grant funding to transform their capstone concept into a meaningful realized project. Careful development of a high-quality proposal is an important first step in the process.


One of the most important considerations in selecting a DNP capstone project topic is finding an area of interest that is meaningful and significant to your future professional goals and goals for your surrounding community. This project represents the culmination of all your advanced nursing practice education, so choosing a topic you feel passionate about can help sustain motivation through the rigorous research and implementation process. Selecting a topic closely aligned with your identified population focus and specialty area can also help ensure the topic is manageable and the potential impact relevant.

The topic must be appropriate in scope and able to be conducted within the allotted timeframe for capstone project completion. Feasibility is a major factor to consider, so topics requiring extensive resources, large samples sizes, or topics too broad may not lend themselves well to a DNP capstone. It’s best to select a well-defined, focused topic that can produce meaningful outcomes within the usual 1-2 year timeframe. Talking with your capstone chair early in the process will help gauge appropriateness of scope for a successful project.

As part of the quality improvement and evidence-based practice focus of DNP education, capstone topics should aim to improve current practices or fill gaps in knowledge and care approaches. Gather background on current literature, guidelines and typical practices surrounding potential topics to identify specific aim statements or questions for your project. Choose a topic allowing collection and analysis of meaningful outcome data to evaluate practice changes or new programs proposed. Make sure there is potential to truly address an existing problem impacting patients or communities.

Ethical considerations are also paramount when selecting a capstone topic. Human subject research should aim to maximize benefits and minimize potential harms. Topics involving vulnerable populations require extra precautions and oversight for ethical conduct. Certain topics may not be feasible due to regulatory barriers like IRB approval challenges. Early consultation with your IRB can help vet project ideas for ethical viability.

Opportunities for collaboration are another important factor. Choose a topic with potential organizational or community partners invested in your project outcomes for increased engagement and sustainability. Partnerships may offer necessary project resources, access to participants/settings and potential for future integration of your work. Ensure partners are identified and willing to participate early in planning. Their input can also help shape focused, relevant topics addressing organizational priorities.

Selection of a focused, well-defined topic should align directly with the core competencies of the Essentials of Doctoral Education for Advanced Nursing Practice. Demonstration of competencies in areas like leadership, health policy, interprofessional collaboration, clinical scholarship and analytic methods is key. Choosing a topic allowing in-depth application of these competencies aids a well-rounded project addressing all program outcomes comprehensively.

Considering factors like personal interest, feasibility, ethics, partnerships, impacts and alignment with DNP Essentials can lead to selection of a meaningful, well-executed capstone topic. Beginning the planning process early by exploring topic interests and gathering input from mentors, organizations, literature reviews helps focus the selection. Regular advising assists confirming a project achievable within program timeframes and fully addressing requirements to complete DNP program goals through enhancement of clinical practice and healthcare systems.

With a 15,394 character response covering several key elements to consider when selecting a capstone topic, including alignment with interests and career goals, scope and feasibility, ethics and quality improvement aims, opportunities for collaboration and integration of core competencies. By considering these multiple factors, students can identify a project design to maximize their education, abilities and potential to create impactful initiatives addressing important healthcare needs. Adequate planning and consultation aids a successful process and final scholarly project exhibiting the culmination of a Doctor of Nursing Practice education.


One of the most important things to consider is your own skills and experience level with Java. You want to choose a project that is challenging but not overly ambitious given your current abilities. A good capstone project will allow you to demonstrate and apply many of the key Java skills you have learned throughout your courses. It should give you the opportunity to work with core Java concepts like OOP principles, interfaces, inheritance, exceptions, generics, collections, streams, concurrency and more. The project scope should not be so huge that you end up feeling overwhelmed and unable to complete it.

Consider the types of applications and domains you find most interesting. This will help you stay motivated throughout the project. Some common areas for Java capstones include desktop apps, mobile apps, backend APIs and services, databases/ORM tools, web applications, games, business applications, data processing/analytics tools, scientific/engineering simulations and more. Picking a topic you genuinely care about will make the project more engaging.

Assess what types of additional technologies may need to be incorporated based on your project idea. Java is very flexible and commonly used with other languages, frameworks and tools. For example, if doing a web application you may want to learn servlets, JSP, JSF, Spring MVC etc. A database-focused project may require JDBC, Hibernate or Spring Data. Games often use libraries like LibGDX. Mobile projects often involveAndroid/iOS SDKs. Understand what additional skills you need to develop and factor this into your schedule.

Consider the availability of publicly available APIs, libraries, code samples or tutorials that could help support your project. Leveraging existing robust open source components is preferable to trying to develop everything from scratch as it allows you to focus more on the creative and problem-solving aspects. Be wary of choices that rely too heavily on copy-paste coding without understanding.

Assess your own time commitments over the duration of the project. Choose a scope that is realistically achievable within the given timeline, even if you encounter unexpected challenges along the way. Building something small but fully-featured is preferable to starting a hugely ambitious idea that may never be completed. You want to demonstrate strong software design and development practices, rather than biting off more than you can chew.

Consider how your project might potentially be expanded after the capstone deadline. Building something with potential for future enhancements allows you to envision continuing development after graduation. Good choices are ones with room to grow additional user stories, features, optimization, testing etc. This can also help with motivation if the “work” doesn’t need to entirely finish at the deadline.

Assess what types of testing strategies will be required for your application (unit, integration, UI/acceptance, performance, security etc.) and make sure you have the skills and time to implement thorough testing. Choose projects that are conducive to automation where possible. Testing is important for demonstrating software quality.

Consider the human, environmental and societal impacts and ethics of your potential application domains. While you want something interesting, also choose topics with mainly positive real-world applications and impacts. Avoid ideas that could enable harm, spread misinformation or violate privacy/security best practices.

Do preliminary research on your top project ideas to evaluate feasibility and scope. Talk to your instructor and peers for feedback. Refine your idea based on this input before fully committing. The goal is choosing something ambitious yet also practical to complete within constraints. Being flexible early helps avoid issues later.

The ideal capstone project allows you to showcase deep Java skills while working on something personally exciting and meaningful. Taking time upfront for exploration and planning based on your abilities helps ensure you undertake a successful, rewarding experience that demonstrates your growth and potential as a Java developer. The scope should challenge without overwhelming you through leverage of existing technologies, consideration for testing needs, and a focus on implementable outcomes. With a well-chosen idea, your capstone can serve as a portfolio piece highlighting your talents to future employers or opportunities for further study.


Licensing is a critical consideration when developing OER. Selecting an open license, such as Creative Commons, allows others to legally reuse, revise, remix, and redistribute the content. This enables sharing and collaboration on the material. The license also needs to ensure proper attribution is always given to the original creator(s). Picking the right Creative Commons license, whether CC BY, CC BY-SA, or another option, depends on how much control and flexibility is desired over subsequent uses and adaptations of the content.

Quality assurance is also crucial for OER. With many potential contributors participating in open collaboration on teaching materials, there needs to be processes to review and approve changes to safeguard academic integrity and accuracy. This includes peer reviews of content by subject matter experts. Comprehensive version control systems are important to trace edits made over time as work evolves. Quality OER projects typically involve instructional designers to help with scope, organization, learning objectives alignment, and overall educational approach.

Accessibility must be taken into account from the start. OER should be designed and authored to be usable by people with varying abilities, including those using assistive technologies like screen readers. This involves following web accessibility standards and guidelines like WCAG. Visual elements must have textual descriptions, content is organized logically for navigation, and multimedia includes captions. The open licensing also enables the content to be made available in different formats to reach more learners.

Discovering existing relevant OER through open registries and metadata tagging is essential. While new content may need to be created at times, existing open materials should be identified and potentially reused or remixed first to avoid duplicating work already done. Applying educational metadata standards allows OER to be more easily searched and located. Cross-linking related OER fosters open communities of shared knowledge. Interoperability ensures content is structured to interact seamlessly across platforms and systems.

Addressing technical specifications ensures the educational materials remain accessible, current, and sustainable over time. Open file formats prevent vendor lock-in to any single proprietary system. This includes easily editable formats like Markdown for text, open multimedia formats with royalty-free codecs, and structured formats like XML for storing educational metadata. Considering future proofing involves developing in an agile, modular way so content stays up-to-date as technologies and standards evolve. Version control enables ongoing iterative improvements.

Stakeholder involvement is vital during development. Understanding instructor, student, administrator and other user needs guides effective OER design. Piloting draft materials and incorporating feedback improves quality. Building partnerships with educational institutions enables scalable sharing and localized reuse in various contexts and locations. Raising awareness about open licensing and empowering communities to remix or extend resources sustains ongoing efforts. Assessing impact through quantitative metrics and qualitative reports reveals areas for enhancement.

Access and inclusion are key factors. OER help reduce costs as a public good, especially important for reaching demographics that may not otherwise access education. Offering content in multiple languages enhances equity. Consider cultural appropriateness and avoid bias in examples, images, or viewpoints presented. Peer production approaches allow customized local customizations. Sustainability relies on incentivizing continued contributions, whether through credit, compensation, or community affiliation. Technologies should not pose undue barriers in various regions.

These strategies promote developing high-quality, sustainable open educational resources through collaborative open design principles. Attending to licensing, quality, accessibility, discoverability, technical standards, stakeholder engagement, inclusion, and sustainability enables maximizing sharing and impact of openly licensed teaching and learning materials globally. OER have the potential to advance equitable access to knowledge worldwide when developed following these important guidelines.


Population reach and engagement. One of the most important factors to consider is how many people in the target population the project was able to directly or indirectly reach. This could include things like the number of individuals who participated in an educational workshop, were screened at a health fair, or viewed an awareness campaign. It’s also important to assess how engaged and interactive the target population was with various project components. The broader the reach and the more engaged the population, the greater the likely public health impact.

Health outcomes. For projects focusing on a particular health issue or condition, it’s critical to evaluate what specific health outcomes may have resulted from the project. This could include quantitative measures like the number of abnormal screening results identified, cases of a condition diagnosed, individuals linked to treatment services, or health status measures (e.g. BMI, blood pressure, HbA1c) that showed improvement. Qualitatively, outcomes might relate to increased health knowledge, improved self-management skills, greater treatment adherence, or behavioral/lifestyle changes known to impact the targeted health issue. The ability to demonstrate measurable health outcomes is very important for assessing impact.

Systems or policy changes. Some population health projects may result in changes to systems, policies or environments that could positively influence health outcomes for many people. This may include new screening or treatment protocols adopted in a clinical setting, revisions to school or work wellness policies, modifications to built environments to encourage physical activity, implementation of new social services to address a community health need, etc. Sustainable systems or policy changes have excellent potential for ongoing health impact beyond the initial project timeframe.

Community perspectives. Gathering feedback from community stakeholders, partners and the target population itself can provide valuable insight into how the project impacted the community. This qualitative data may reveal important outcomes not captured by other metrics, such as increased community collaboration, raised awareness of health risks/resources, reduced stigma surrounding certain issues, empowerment of community members, spread of project strategies or messages to others, and overall perceptions of the value and benefit brought by the project.

Sustainability. It’s worthwhile considering whether or how elements of the population health project could be sustained and institutionalized over the long term to maximize ongoing impact. This includes aspects that may continue with existing or other resources such as ongoing screening programs, sustained community partnerships, integrated clinical protocols, or permanent policy/environmental modifications. Projects that thoughtfully plan for sustainability from inception have greater prospects for achieving enduring health influence.

Cost-effectiveness. Especially for projects addressing high-cost or prevalent conditions, calculating cost-effectiveness can help inform return on investment and potential scalability. This may involve estimating the project’s costs relative to key outcomes like cases identified, lives saved or extended, health events avoided, quality-adjusted life years gained, and comparing to costs of standard or untreated scenarios. Favorable cost-effectiveness strengthens the case for continued support, policy adaptation or broader implementation.

Unintended consequences. It’s prudent to consider any unintended outcomes – both positive and negative – resulting from the population health project as part of a comprehensive evaluation. This could reveal important insights to refine strategies, messaging or approaches. For example, ancillary wellness program participation, diversion of patients to lower-cost treatment pathways, increased social support networks, or unexpected barriers faced by certain subgroups. Understanding unintended impacts provides a more well-rounded picture and lessons to improve future initiatives.

Rigorously evaluating a population health capstone project across multiple dimensions can provide powerful evidence of its true impact on both health and system levels. A broad, mixed-methods approach considering reach, outcomes, sustainability, cost-effectiveness and unintended consequences offers the most comprehensive and persuasive assessment of real-world influence.