Tag Archives: manage


Plan and prioritize your tasks. Start by making a comprehensive list of all the tasks required to complete your capstone project from start to finish. This could include things like researching your topic, creating an outline, collecting data, writing draft sections, getting feedback, revising, and final editing. Assign realistic deadlines to each task based on its complexity and importance. Group related tasks together in stages or milestones. This will help you stay organized and ensure everything gets done on time.

Use a calendar. Take your prioritized task list and transfer the deadlines onto a physical or digital calendar. Block out specific times on certain days of the week to work on each task. Treat your capstone project schedule like any other important commitment. Review your calendar regularly and adjust as needed if deadlines need to shift. Having your capstone deadlines visible will help keep you accountable.

Limit distractions. When it’s time designated for capstone work, put your phone away, close extra apps/browsers on your computer, and find a quiet space where you can focus. Let others know not to disturb you during your dedicated work block. Reducing external distractions will allow you to stay focused on the tasks at hand without constant interruptions.

Take regular breaks. Our ability to focus diminishes the longer we work intensely on complex projects. Be sure to take short 5-10 minute breaks periodically to recharge your brain. Get up, move around, grab a snack or drink of water during your break before returning fully recharged. Taking breaks can actually increase your productivity in the long run compared to powering through non-stop.

Track your time. Whether using a smartphone app, spreadsheet, or timers, actively track how long you spend on each task. Reviewing your time logs will help you determine where you tend to get off track or distracted. You’ll also develop a better sense of how long tasks should realistically take so your scheduling stays accurate.

Consider time blocking. Taking the above a step further, time blocking is when you commit to working solely on one task for a set amount of time before moving on. For example, blocking out 90 minutes to specifically research your topic without shuffling between tasks. Time blocking in longer intervals helps you stay hyper-focused, which is beneficial for complex capstone tasks.

Set interim deadlines. Break larger projects into short-term goals and interim deadlines. For example, finishing your outline by the end of the week or submitting your first draft section to get feedback within 10 days. Achieving these mini-deadlines along the way will help prevent procrastination and give you a sense of momentum and accomplishment as your capstone comes together.

Avoid perfectionism. It’s easy to get bogged down nitpicking small details or revising work prematurely during a large capstone project. There will be time to perfect things in the editing stage. For now, focus on just getting initial drafts completed according to your deadlines. You can iterate and improve later. Perfectionism wastes valuable time during the initial completion phase.

Ask for help. Whether from your capstone supervisor, peers, friends or writing center tutors, don’t be afraid to reach out for guidance or accountability support. Explaining your progress or challenges can help you problem solve obstacles and refine your approach more effectively. A little help from others may save you time struggling alone in the long run.

Review your work when your mind is fresh. Give yourself adequate time at the end of each work day or week to review what was accomplished and prepare an updated plan for tomorrow or next week. Reviewing with a rested mind is more productive and helps with continuity. Adjust your calendar as needed based on progress or changes in priority.

Setting clear goals and structure through effective time management strategies is key for completing an intensive capstone project on schedule while maintaining balance in other responsibilities. Applying a combination of planning, self-monitoring, limiting distractions and interim deadlines can ensure you invest your limited time as efficiently as possible on all required tasks. With practice, you’ll develop great time management habits for other major projects in the future too.


Dietary changes and weight management:

Eat a low-sodium diet. Limit sodium intake to less than 2,000 mg per day. Read food labels carefully and avoid adding salt when cooking or at the table. Some high sodium foods to avoid include canned soups or veggies, frozen meals, lunch meats, salad dressings, and condiments.
Follow a heart-healthy diet high in fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and lean sources of protein. Bake, broil, or grill meats instead of frying. Choose skinless poultry and fish more often.
Achieve and maintain a healthy weight. Losing extra pounds takes pressure off your heart. Work with your doctor and dietitian to determine your ideal body weight based on factors like your height, age, gender.
Limit added sugars and refined carbohydrates, which can cause blood sugar and insulin spikes. Opt for whole, minimally processed carbohydrates like brown rice, oats, quinoa, beans, lentils, potatoes instead.
Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated and allow your heart to function more efficiently. Aim for a minimum of 8 glasses per day.


Engage in regular aerobic exercise on most days of the week according to your abilities. Activities like walking, using a stationary bike, swimming, and water aerobics are great options.
Start slowly if you have not exercised before. Consult your doctor on the appropriate intensity and duration based on your functional capacity. Slowly increase your activity levels over time under medical guidance.
Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise on most or all days. It’s okay to break it up into smaller 10 minute chunks if needed.
Incorporate strength training exercises using free weights, resistance bands, or your own body weight twice a week. This helps build muscle and increase metabolism.

Stress management:

Use relaxation techniques like deep breathing, mindfulness meditation, yoga, tai chi to help cope with stress. Make it part of your daily self-care routine.
Prioritize sleep and aim for 7-8 hours every night. Poor sleep overworks the cardiovascular system.
Spend time doing activities you enjoy every day like a hobby, reading, spending time with loved ones. Good social connections and a positive approach to life helps lower stress.

Reduce alcohol intake:

Limit alcoholic drinks to no more than 1-2 per day for men, and 1 drink per day for women. Too much alcohol is hard on the heart and liver.
Avoid binge drinking completely since it causes irregular heartbeats and increases heart failure risks.

Smoking cessation:

If you smoke, quit. Smoking significantly increases heart disease risks. Consult your doctor about available smoking cessation programs and strategies. Use nicotine replacement treatment if needed.
Avoid secondhand smoke too. Don’t let others smoke around you.

Take medications as prescribed:

Heart failure symptoms often worsen if medications are missed or not taken correctly. Use a pill dispenser or daily checklist to stay on track. Time dosage with meals if instructed.
Carry your medications with you outside the house so you don’t forget a dose if away from home. Ask your pharmacist any questions you have.
See your doctor as scheduled for medication adjustments, refills, and to monitor your condition over time. Medication changes are common to ensure the most effective management.


Weigh yourself daily and record your weight on a calendar or tracker to spot sudden weight gain from fluid retention early. Report increases of 3 pounds or more in a day to your doctor.
Check your ankles, legs and abdomen for swelling and call your healthcare team if you notice it. Swelling could mean your fluid levels need adjusting.
Track your symptoms, exercise durations, diet and other lifestyle factors in a journal. This helps you identify patterns and report changes accurately to your clinician.

Lifestyle changes take commitment but can go a long way in managing heart failure and preventing complications over the long run when combined with medical therapy. Remember to start slowly, celebrate even small successes, and speak to your doctor anytime you have difficulty adhering to recommendations. A heart-healthy lifestyle is vital for ongoing heart health.


One of the most important coping strategies for nurses to manage stress is practicing self-care. When nurses do not take care of their own needs, it becomes much more difficult to provide quality patient care and cope with stress on the job. Some self-care strategies nurses can practice include:

Getting adequate sleep. Nursing is a demanding job that requires energy and focus around the clock. Nurses should aim to get at least 7-9 hours of sleep per night to feel sufficiently rested.

Eating a healthy diet. When stressed, it can be easy to rely on junk food for quick energy. A balanced diet with lots of lean proteins, whole grains, fruits and vegetables provides sustainable energy and nutrients to boost mood.

Exercising regularly. Even light exercise for 30 minutes a few times a week can release feel-good endorphins and relieve tension. Nurses should aim to step away from the unit during breaks to stretch their legs or do a short yoga flow to decompress.

Practicing relaxation techniques. Stress and tension often accumulate in the body. Practicing deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, meditation or visualization techniques daily can help lower a nurse’s overall stress levels.

Scheduling time for hobbies. Engaging in activities the nurse finds enjoyable and relaxing, like spending time with family/friends, reading, crafts, playing with pets, are critical for managing stress in spare time.

Seeing a mental health professional. For nurses facing severe or long-term stress, seeing a therapist can help develop personalized coping strategies. Talking through challenges reduces feelings of isolation.

In addition to self-care, nurses can use conflict resolution and communication skills to handle job stressors:

Assertively addressing concerns. To reduce stress, nurses should not bottle up concerns but respectfully share them with colleagues and managers to solve issues collaboratively.

Establishing boundaries. It is important for nurses to say “no” when workload becomes unmanageable rather than taken on more than what can reasonably be handled alone.

Using “I” statements. By framing issues around personal feelings instead of accusations, nurses can resolve conflicts constructively and reduce tensions with colleagues.

Compromising when possible. Nursing demands teamwork. Where opinions differ, nurses should seek middle ground solutions respecting everyone’s perspectives and priorities.

Limiting distractions. Nurses can use Do Not Disturb signals or close office doors during documentation to focus on one task at a time without constant interruption that adds to stress levels.

Asking for help early. No nurse can do it all alone. Early requests for assistance prevents magnified stress when problems have escalated. Fellow nurses and managers want to support each other’s well-being.

On an organizational level, healthcare facilities can reduce nurse stress by addressing:

Understaffing. Ensuring adequate nurse-to-patient ratios according to acuity levels avoids overworking existing employees to a breaking point.

Inadequate supplies/resources. When basic necessities like functional equipment, supplies or medications are unavailable, performing tasks efficiently becomes difficult and frustrating for nurses.

Lack of appreciation. Simple gestures like thank you cards or occasional luncheons acknowledging nurses’ efforts motivates staff and creates a healthier work culture.

Limited opportunity for advancement. With few options for promotions or professional growth, staff can feel stuck in current roles. Flexible career ladders provide incentives for longevity in nursing.

Lax workplace violence policies. All staff including nurses should feel safe from verbal/physical aggression at work. Zero tolerance policies strictly enforced strengthen security for mental well-being.

Unfavorable schedules/shifts. Rotating shifts disrupt circadian rhythms and work-home balance. When possible, preferences for schedules like days only should be accommodated.

Using a multifaceted approach addressing individual coping, interpersonal communication skills, and organizational policies – nurses can effectively manage stresses inherent to caregiving roles and avoid burnout through self-care and support from colleagues. Perseverance in overcoming daily challenges with positivity and team-oriented outlooks ultimately make nursing a rewarding lifelong career.


The capstone project is intended to be a culmination of your education and knowledge gained throughout your program. It requires strong project management skills to plan, execute and complete such an extensive endeavor. Here are over 4,100+ characters of advice on how to manage your capstone project successfully:

Begin with planning and defining the scope of your project. You’ll want to clearly outline your goals, objectives, tasks required and timeline. Develop a formal project proposal and plan that breaks the work down into phases with realistic deadlines. Identify all dependencies, resources needed and potential risks up front. Get your proposal approved by your advisor.

Build your team early if working with others. Clearly define roles and set expectations. Develop a charter that outlines responsibilities and a communication plan. Schedule regular check-in meetings to track progress and raise issues. Good collaboration and accountability are important for staying on track.

Perform extensive research at the onset. Make sure to understand what has already been done in your topic area to build upon existing work and avoid duplicating efforts. Research will help focus your goals and methodology. Proper literature reviews are crucial for capstone level work.

Develop a sound methodology. Your methods should be well thought out to address your research goals. Consider things like design of experiments, data collection techniques, instruments to be used, subjects/samples, variables and how you will analyze results. Get method approval from your advisor.

Use project management software like Microsoft Project or Asana to plan and track your schedule, tasks, dependencies and resources needed. Break work down into short sprints or milestones no longer than 2 weeks. Clearly track task owners, due dates and status. This will help you stay on schedule and catch slipping tasks early.

Consider using project management methods like Agile, which involve frequent planning meetings, prioritization discussions, early and continuous delivery of outputs and flexibility to changing needs. Capstone work often requires some agility.

Draft interim deliverables spread throughout your timeline to keep you on track. Things like status reports, lit reviews, method proposals and draft chapters will keep the momentum going. Aim to complete a full first draft well before the final due date to allow for revisions.

Monitor your plan frequently, at least monthly, to catch issues and make adjustments early. Reassess your timeframe and dependencies. Update tasks status and revise timelines as needed based on progress or changes in scope. Communicate schedule changes with your advisor.

Emphasize documentation of your entire process. Keep detailed notes on research findings, decisions made, issues faced, solutions tried and lessons learned. Proper documentation demonstrates your comprehensive methodology and rationale for choices made. This is helpful for justifying your work and findings to your advisor and committee.

Regularly seek guidance and feedback from your advisor and committee. Check in about research questions, methods, analysis plans and early results. Incorporate their guidance to refine your work before completion. Make revisions an ongoing process, not something left until the last minute.

Allow plenty of time for compilation and revision before the final due date. Pull all of your separate pieces together into a coherent, complete professional paper adhering to formatting guidelines. Have others proofread and provide feedback. Give yourself time for at least one full revision based on this feedback before submitting final drafts.

Present your findings to your committee or program in a public defense. Rehearse fully and have visual aids prepared. Be ready to discuss, explain and justify all aspects of your work when questioned. Successfully completing this final step will lead to graduating with your hard-earned degree or certificate!

Proper planning, documentation, collaboration, ongoing refinements and guidance-seeking will give you the best chance of managing your capstone project successfully. With diligent effort and project management skills, you can certainly complete high-quality work that you will feel proud of for years to come. Let me know if any part of the capstone management process needs further explanation.


BC Hydro expects electricity demand in British Columbia to grow significantly in the coming decades as the population increases and transportation and building sectors transition away from fossil fuels towards more electricity-powered solutions like electric vehicles and electric heating. To adequately meet this rising demand while maintaining a reliable and affordable electricity system, BC Hydro has developed an Integrated Resource Plan (IRP) which outlines various strategies for managing increased demand.

One of the key focus areas in the IRP is on conservation and reducing energy usage. BC Hydro has very ambitious conservation targets, aiming to reduce energy use per capita by 1.5% annually over the next 20 years through various programs that encourage more efficient use of electricity. This includes rebates for efficient appliances and electronics, lighting upgrades, insulation retrofits for homes and buildings, and behavior change initiatives. Conservation is seen as the most cost-effective way to avoid or delay new infrastructure investments. BC Hydro expects conservation efforts could help offset up to 70% of expected load growth by 2040.

To supplement conservation, BC Hydro also has plans to develop significant new sources of renewable and clean electricity generation. This includes continuing to maximize the potential of large hydropower facilities like the Site C dam project underway in northeast BC. But BC Hydro is also turning to other renewable resources to add new capacity, such as substantial amounts of wind and solar power. The IRP envisions between 1,000-2,000 MW of new wind and solar capacity being brought online in the next 10-15 years.

Tapping more remote reservoirs for mini-hydro projects and pursuing geothermal energy are also part of BC Hydro’s diversification strategy. And a major initiative is pursuing electricity imports from independent power producers using run-of-river hydro, wind, and other renewables. BC Hydro has implemented a Standing Offer Program and Clean Power Call to attract private investments that align with their clean power objectives. By 2040 renewable energy could account for over 95% of BC Hydro’s total generating capacity.

Modernizing BC Hydro’s existing power grid infrastructure is another focus. Upgrades are planned across the province to enhance transmission capacity and distribution networks to deliver power more efficiently. This includes targeted reinforcement projects in fast growth regions as well as implementing more demand response and automated grid technologies to optimize capacity utilization. Microgrids and localized storage are also being piloted as strategies to defer expansion of centralized infrastructure into remote areas.

Advancing new clean electricity applications like electric vehicles, heat pumps and emerging technologies is identified as a key driver of future load. To support this transition BC Hydro’s strategy addresses accommodating charging infrastructure, time-varying rates, and flexible load and grid interaction opportunities. The utility is also piloting vehicle-to-grid capabilities and other virtual power plant demonstrations to leverage EV batteries as distributed energy resources.

While BC Hydro expects conservation, renewables and grid improvements can supply 80-90% of expected demand growth through 2040, some gas-fired generation may still be needed to ensure reliability during periods of peak demand or renewable intermittency. The IRP contemplates using existing gas plants more strategically and potentially adding limited incremental gas capacity in the long-term if cost effective compared to other options. The preference is for any new resources to be as clean, renewable and consistent with BC’s climate goals as possible.

Through diligent implementation of its IRP, BC Hydro aims to remain a world leader in clean electricity while successfully managing the challenges and opportunities posed by increasing demand into the future. Ongoing monitoring, review and adjustments to priorities and programs will be key to optimally balancing environmental, social and economic factors during this important transition period for BC’s electricity system over the coming decades.