Tag Archives: support


Healthcare organizations can support nurses in developing cultural competence through a variety of educational initiatives, trainings, and resources. Cultural competence is an important skill for nurses to possess as it allows them to better understand and care for patients from diverse cultural backgrounds. Developing cultural competence is an ongoing process that requires continuous efforts from both individual nurses as well as support from their employer organizations. Some key ways that healthcare organizations can support nurses include:

Providing mandatory cultural competence training programs. Organizations should require all nurses to complete annual cultural competence trainings. These trainings can educate nurses on common cultures and beliefs of patient populations, health literacy and health disparities, effective communication strategies, and biases and stereotypes to avoid. The trainings should be evidence-based and involve interactive activities like case studies and role plays to apply the learning. Videos, written materials, and online modules can supplement in-person trainings. Competency assessments after each training can ensure nurses understand the content.

Facilitating ongoing educational opportunities. Beyond baseline trainings, healthcare organizations should offer continuous educational opportunities for nurses to further develop their cultural competence skills. Things like grand rounds, journal club discussions, continuing education workshops and seminars allow nurses opportunities to learn about new issues or dive deeper into topics. Partnering with local cultural community centers can provide educational experiences for nurses to learn directly from diverse patient advisors. Supporting nurses’ attendance at relevant conferences also aids in lifelong learning.

Providing translation and interpretation services. Effective communication is key to providing culturally competent care but is challenging without proper language supports. Organizations need to offer qualified medical interpretation services in the top languages of their patient populations, both in-person and via telephone. Translation of common patient materials into these languages is also important. Training nurses on how to access and utilize interpretation services appropriately is necessary. Interpreters should also receive ongoing education to ensure high quality, nuanced interpretations.

Conducting organizational cultural assessments. Healthcare organizations need insight into their own practices, policies and initiatives through cultural assessments. Surveying nurses, patients and families can identify areas where the organizational culture may unintentionally prioritize certain groups. Assessments should examine things like representation of diverse cultures in leadership, marketing materials, quality metrics tracked, and community outreach efforts. Insights can guide the development of inclusive strategic plans and quality improvement projects.

Integrating cultural competence into operations. For nurses to enact their cultural competence skills, organizations need to operationalize these values throughout their systems. This involves things like incorporating standards related to health equity, bias-free communication and cultural adaptation of care into nursing competencies and performance evaluations. Collecting sociocultural data allows customized care plans, and capturing quality metrics stratified by factors like race/ethnicity identifies disparities. Translation of standardized screening tools and decision support tools also supports culturally competent care delivery.

Providing resources and support for individual growth. Organizations should offer nurses tools and encouragement for their own cultural learning beyond what is required. Things like access to an online library of multicultural resources, reimbursement for cultural community events, and paid time off for cultural exposure trips communicate the importance of life-long individual development. Mentoring programs pairing experienced nurses with those wishing to further their skills aids sharing of best practices. Recognition awards for nurses demonstrating exemplary cultural competence further incentivize the commitment to growth.

Partnering with local community groups. Collaborating with diverse patient advocacy groups, religious organizations, and cultural centers allows bidirectional relationship and trust building between healthcare facilities and the populations served. This helps keep an organization grounded in community needs and priorities. Involving community advisors in trainings, materials review and quality initiatives infuses local expertise. Supporting community health workers and promotoras brings essential cultural navigation supports directly into care. Joint community health events help normalize healthcare while introducing it in culturally meaningful ways.

The implementation of robust, multi-pronged strategies as described provides layered supports enabling nurses to continually strengthen their cultural competence capabilities. When healthcare organizations fully integrate these philosophies and best practices into their cultures, structures and partnerships, it demonstrates commitment to equitable, community-centered care for all patients. With guidance and empowerment from their employers, individual nurses are better positioned to respectfully and effectively care for an increasingly diverse population.


The University Writing Center at UCF provides tutoring support to help students with all aspects of their capstone projects from brainstorming and outlining to drafting and revising. Students can schedule appointments for one-on-one tutoring sessions to get feedback on their project proposals, literature reviews, methods sections, results sections, and discussions/conclusions. Tutors are trained to work with students at all stages of the writing process to help them clearly communicate their ideas and research. They are equipped to help with both the content and structure of papers as well as APA style formatting. Students are encouraged to visit the Writing Center multiple times as they develop their projects.

In addition to the Writing Center, UCF students have access to research consultations with librarians through the UCF Libraries. Librarians provide guidance on how to search for and evaluate academic resources for capstone literature reviews and how to formally cite sources in papers. They can advise students on accessing data sources or subject specialists if needed for their particular projects. Students are able to schedule individual meetings with librarians to get customized support in developing an effective research process and finding appropriate materials.

For students completing quantitative or experimental capstone projects, UCF’s Statistical Consulting Center provides free help on topics like choosing appropriate research methods and study designs, conducting data analyses in statistical software like SAS or SPSS, and accurately interpreting results. Consultants assist with everything from shaping draft methodology sections to troubleshooting issues that arise during data collection or analysis phases. Like with the Writing and Research Centers, scheduling appointments ensures students receive personalized attention tailored to their individual research questions and data.

The College of Graduate Studies at UCF oversees the university’s graduate programs and provides various resources to aid students as they undertake capstone work. They offer sample capstone project proposals and completed papers as models for formatting and content. Their website includes guides on the capstone process with timelines and approval procedures. For students completing theses, dissertations or other project types requiring committee approval, the College of Graduate Studies staff can answer questions about committee selection, proposal defense preparations and final submission of papers.

Within individual colleges and departments, many offer targeted support specific to the disciplines’ methods, topics and presentation formats. For instance, the College of Engineering and Computer Science runs prep workshops on creating effective posters, presentations and demonstrations for capstone projects. The Nicholson School of Communication holds proposal writing clinics where faculty provide structured feedback on developing focused research questions and study designs. Health professions programs routinely host capstone fairs where current students exhibit their projects and share advice for upcoming cohorts. Accessing college-level resources allows students to get guidance tailored to the expectations of their specific fields.

Many academic departments and research centers at UCF also sponsor undergraduate research programs, funding and conference presentation opportunities that can support capstone endeavors. For example, the Burnett Honors College provides funding for honors thesis research projects through its Honors in the Major program. Research and fellowship offices in individual colleges publicize internal and external grant programs that can help cover costs for equipment, supplies, participant compensation or conference travel to disseminate capstone findings. Additionally, involvement in faculty research labs and centers exposes undergraduates to ongoing projects and research mentorship that can inspire capstone topics or provide data sources.

UCF offers various campus-wide resources that, while not specific to capstones, can still aid students throughout their final projects. Health and wellness services like campus counseling and the Recreation and Wellness Center promote reducing stress – important for the self-care needed to sustain long-term capstone work. Technical support from places like Computer Services and Telecommunications helps with any IT issues that arise from data collection software, statistical programs or multimedia presentations. The extensive academic and professional support infrastructure at UCF works together to empower students to successfully complete their capstone requirements and gain valuable experiential learning.

UCF students are well-supported as they undertake capstone projects through personalized tutoring, research consultations, statistical help, general guidance from graduate and department offices, discipline-specific workshops, funding opportunities, involvement in research labs and campus wellness resources. By taking advantage multiple on-campus centers, faculty mentorship and fellowships, undergraduates are equipped with necessary tools and expertise to design, implement and communicate original research or projects before graduating.


Any decision support tool that processes sensitive organizational or financial data would need to have very strong data security and privacy protections built directly into its system architecture and functionality. At the highest level, such a tool would be designed and developed using privacy and security best practices to carefully control how data is stored, accessed, and transmitted.

All sensitive data within the system would be encrypted using industry-standard methods like AES-256 or RSA to ensure it remains encrypted even if the underlying data was somehow compromised. Encryption keys would themselves be very securely managed, such as using key vaults that require multiparty controls to access. The system would also implement server-side data masking to hide sensitive values like credit card numbers, even from authorized users who have a legitimate need to access other related data.

From an authorization and authentication perspective, the system would use role-based access control and limit access only to authorized individuals on a need-to-know basis. Multi-factor authentication would be mandated for any user attempting to access sensitive data. Granular access privileges would be enforced down to the field level so that even authorized users could only view exactly the data relevant to their role or job function. System logs of all access attempts and key operations would also be centrally monitored and retained for auditing purposes.

The decision support tool’s network architecture would be designed with security as the top priority. All system components would be deployed within an internal, segmented organizational network that is strictly isolated from the public internet or other less trusted networks. Firewalls, network access controls, and intrusion detection/prevention systems would heavily restrict inbound and outbound network traffic only to well-defined ports and protocols needed for the system to function. Load balancers and web application firewalls would provide additional layers of protection for any user-facing system interfaces or applications.

Privacy and security would also be built directly into the software development process through approaches like threat modeling, secure coding practices, and vulnerability scanning. Only the minimum amount of sensitive data needed for functionality would be stored, and it would be regularly pruned and destroyed as per retention policies. Architectural controls like application isolation, non-persistent storage, and “defense-in-depth” would be used to reduce potential attack surfaces. Operations processes around patching, configuration management, and incident response would ensure ongoing protection.

Data transmission between system components or to authorized internal/external users would be thoroughly encrypted during transport using algorithms like TLS. Message-level security like XML encryption would also be used to encrypt specific data fields end-to-end. Strict change management protocols around authorization of data exports/migration would prevent data loss or leakage. Watermarking or other techniques may be used to help deter unauthorized data sharing beyond the system.

Privacy of individuals would be protected through practices like anonymizing any personal data elements, distinguishing personal from non-personal data uses, supporting data subject rights to access/delete their information, and performing regular privacy impact assessments. The collection, use, and retention of personal data would be limited only to the specific legitimate purposes disclosed to individuals.

Taking such a comprehensive, “baked-in” approach to information security and privacy from the outset would give organizations using the decision support tool confidence that sensitive data is appropriately protected. Of course, ongoing review, testing, and improvements would still be required to address new threats over time. But designing privacy and security as architectural first-class citizens in this way establishes a strong baseline of data protection principles and controls.

A decision support tool handling sensitive data would need to implement robust measures across people, processes, and technology to secure that data throughout its lifecycle and use. A layered defense-in-depth model combining encryption, access controls, network security, secure development practices, privacy safeguards, operational diligence and more provides a comprehensive approach to mitigate risks to such sensitive and potentially valuable institutional data.


Red Deer College understands that the capstone project can be one of the most challenging but rewarding experiences for students as they near the completion of their program. To help ensure students have every opportunity to succeed, RDC provides a wide variety of resources and support systems.

Perhaps the most important resource is guidance from capstone course instructors and faculty advisors. Students work closely one-on-one with their capstone instructor who provides direction, feedback, and answers questions throughout the project process. The instructor monitors progress, offers advice when issues arise, and ensures students stay on track to meet deliverables. Some programs also assign each student a faculty advisor from their discipline who serves as an additional mentor and contact for specialized input.

Instructors and advisors help connect students to other experts on campus who can lend specialized knowledge. For example, students undertaking research-based capstones can access support from RDC’s research office to learn about methodology, get approval for studies involving people or animals, and connect with subject librarians for help with literature reviews. Students tackling technical or design-focused projects have options to consult instructors from related applied departments for guidance incorporating appropriate standards, materials, or skills into their work.

Librarians are key resources for capstone research. RDC’s full-service academic library houses collections, databases, and interlibrary loan services to help students access the scholarly literature needed to design thorough, well-supported projects. Librarians offer instruction on navigating resources, constructing effective searches, and properly citing sources to avoid plagiarism. Subject librarians with deeper expertise in certain disciplines are available for one-on-one consultations tailored to each student’s capstone topic.

Peer support also plays an important role. Many programs facilitate informal mentorship between senior capstone students and those just starting the process. This allows for valuable exchange of tips, encouragement, and advice on challenges faced. The college also has a Student Success Centre that runs informational workshops on time management, effective writing, presentation skills, and overcoming ‘capstone anxiety’ to help boost confidence. Peers can further support one another through casual study groups for feedback on drafts or practice runs of presentations before the final defence.

Technological resources aid project execution and presentation. RDC provides computer labs, software applications, audio/visual equipment loans, and multimedia design facilities relevant to capstones across diverse subjects. Students gain access to tools like 3D printers, engineering design suites, recording studios, simulation programs, and statistical analysis platforms to build robust, multimodal projects. Technical staff are available for brief training and troubleshooting issues.

Funding opportunities exist to enhance capstone scholarship. Internal awards through the college offer limited financial support for budget items like research participant incentives, equipment rentals, conference travel relevant to disseminating findings, or other expenses that elevate projects beyond normal course requirements. External grants may also be pursued under faculty guidance. Overall, RDC aims to surround students with layered guidance, peer fellowship, research tools, and even modest funding to allow capstone visions to reach their fullest potential.

Red Deer College provides students an extensive network of instructor advising, subject matter experts, library services, peer mentorship programs, technical facilities, and scarce financial support to help navigate capstone experiences. This commitment of resources and personalized attention reflects RDC’s dedication to nurturing innovative, exemplary final projects that ready graduates both academically and practically for their post-degree plans in a chosen field or further studies. Students are well-equipped at the institution to independently conduct meaningful, sophisticated work for their capstone climaxes to undergraduate learning.


Evidence-based family support programs aim to strengthen families and enhance parent-child relationships through a variety of targeted interventions and services. These programs are designed using research and empirical evidence demonstrating their effectiveness in creating positive outcomes. They provide structured support to help families overcome challenges and equip parents with skills.

A hallmark of evidence-based programs is that they utilize a multi-dimensional and comprehensive set of interventions. No single approach is taken in isolation, but rather an coordinated package of services is offered. This holistic strategy aims to address the diverse needs of both parents and children from multiple angles. Some of the core intervention categories utilized include:

Parenting skills training and education is a central component. Classes and workshops are held to teach parents effective discipline techniques, ways to improve communication, methods for developing children’s social and emotional skills, and how to promote healthy development. Parents learn about child growth and different parenting styles. They practice new skills both in group settings and at home.

Home visiting is also commonly included. Trained professionals make regular home visits to provide individualized guidance, role modeling, and feedback to parents. Issues particular to each family can be assessed and addressed in their natural environment. Home visitors monitor progress and troubleshoot challenges as they arise. They also screen for potential risks or unmet needs.

Linkages to additional services seek to provide wraparound support. Families are connected to resources in the community to assist with concrete needs like housing, healthcare, employment assistance, substance abuse treatment, or domestic violence counseling. The goal is to reduce external stressors that could undermine parenting abilities and family well-being. Case management helps facilitate access.

Mental health services focus on the social-emotional health of both parents and children. Individual or family therapy can help process stressful life experiences, build coping mechanisms, improve communication patterns, and resolve relationship conflicts. Services may be provided directly as part of the program or through referral to local partners. Screenings are done to detect issues requiring clinical support.

Concrete supports such as childcare, transportation assistance, home delivered meals, or emergency cash are sometimes components that recognize the practical obstacles many families face. By addressing basic resource needs, programs empower parents to fully engage in educational components and appointments. This comprehensive approach aims to eliminate logistical participation barriers.

Group activities bring families together regularly for socialization and peer support. This could take the form of playgroups, parent support or education groups, family outings, or community events. It helps reduce social isolation, normalize challenges, reinforce new skills through modeling, and cultivate informal support networks among participating families.

Follow up and ongoing contact promote long term engagement, healthy development, and continuous progress monitoring over many years when possible. For high-risk families, the goal is to build sustainable protective factors and positive parenting habits that can withstand life stresses long after formal programming ends. Regular home visits and family check-ins maintain this continuity of care approach.

Rigorous evaluation of these multifaceted interventions allows refinement using a continual quality improvement process. Tracking standardized outcomes both short and long term provides evidence of effectiveness that then guides program investment and expansion decisions by funders. With replication and scaling, collective impact on at-risk populations can be demonstrated.

Evidence-based family support programs intentionally pair various interventions known to reinforce one another based on decades of research. No single element is seen as sufficient alone. Rather, the coordinated application of parenting education, home visiting, mental health services, concrete assistance, group social support, follow up, and evaluation work together holistically to strengthen families and support child wellbeing from a multitude of complementary angles. This comprehensive approach aims to effect meaningful and sustained positive change.